French, Italian Wars

1494 - 1559AD

 

 

 

 

 

ITALIAN WARS FRENCH LIST

 

 

 

 

 

SPECIAL RULES

*1 Knights
*2 Shock
*3 Skirmish
*4 Phalanx
*5 Crossbow
*6 Handgun
*7 Unreliable
*8 Heavy Cannon
*9 Cannon
*10 Slow

Gendarmes .The main combatant of the ordonnace "lance" the Gendarme was heavily armoured in full plate with an armoured warhorse armed with an 18 foot lance.

Archers/ Archers with crossbow. By the time of King Charles VIII's invasion of Italy the "archer" had developed from the armoured mounted infantry into a heavy armoured man at arms fighting in a similar fashion to the Gendarmes, many of them maintaining their crossbows.

Stradiotti .Mercenary light cavalry predominately javelin armed, recruited by from areas now in Albania and Greece. The stradiotís weapons and dress were modelled after the Turkish; instead of a turban, however, the stradiot wore a light helmet.

Argoulets . Crossbow armed mounted skirmishers, often Italian mercenaries.

Mounted Handgunners .Handgun armed mounted skirmishers, often Italian mercenaries.

Mercenary Pike. The French used Swiss and Landsknechts in large numbers during the Italian Wars, often in the same forces.

Mercenary Crossbowmen .These include French, Italian, Swiss and German troops, later replaced by arquebusiers.

Mercenary Handgunners. These include French, Italian, Swiss and German troops, later replaced by arquebusiers.

French Pike/French Crossbowmen. The French infantry in the early wars were never impressive, hence the reliance on Swiss and German mercenaries, in later years the arquebus replaced the crossbow and the handgun as principle missile weapon, although a little slower than other forces.

Heavy Cannon/Cannon/Organ Gun. Charles VIII of France invaded Italy in 1494 with a huge siege train, and artillery began to play a larger role on the battlefield than in previous years.

Italian Allies. The French were allied with many different Italian states during these wars, in 1494 they were allied to Milan and the Papacy, yet a year later they were facing these on the battlefield of Fornova, these troops were armed and fought in the same manner as their French counterparts, they normally fought in a distinct division under their own commanders.

For later armies upgrade all handguns and all crossbows apart from French infantry crossbows to arquebus:

Arquebus. The arquebus is an early form of shoulder fired matchlock musket and represented a considerable improvement in firepower over the handgun.  During the late fifteen and early sixteenth century the arquebus became the dominate missile weapon on the renaissance battlefield, especially in Imperial armies which seem to have abandoned the crossbow before most other European armies, possibly a result of the landsknechts being a new concept and consciously adopting the latest weapons and tactics.

The Arquebus combines the hitting power of the crossbow and the handgun, targets hit by arquebus count their saving throws as one worse than normal, (4 becomes 5, 5 becomes 6 and 6 becomes no save) and when rolling for drive backs the shooter rolls an extra die.  However, due to their relatively slow rate of fire these special rules do not apply when an arquebus unit is being charged or has moved during the movement phase. Arquebus units downgraded to skirmishers loose all their special abilities and are regarded as normal skirmish infantry as per WMA.

Troop

Type

Attack

Range

Hits

Armour

Cmnd

Unit

Size

Min/

Max

Points

Notes

Gendarmes

Cavalry

3

-

3

4+

-

3

1/3

135

*1

Archers

Cavalry

3

-

3

5+

-

3

1/6

110

*2 Total number of archers to be double number of Gendarmes

Archers with Crossbow

Cavalry

3

15

3

5+

-

3

115

Stradiotti

Cavalry

2

15

3

6+

-

3

-/2

60

*3

Argoulets

Cavalry

2

15

3

6+

-

3

-/2

60

*3

Mounted Handgunners

Cavalry

2

15

3

6+

-

3

-/2

60

*3

Mercenary Pike

Infantry

3

-

3

5+

-

3

-/1

70

*4

Mercenary Pike

Infantry

3

-

3

6+

 

3

1/3

60

*4

Mercenary Crossbowmen

Infantry

2

30

3

-

-

3

-/2

45

*5

Mercenary Handgunners

Infantry

2

20

3

6+

-

3

-/3

55

*6

French Pike

Infantry

3

-

3

6+

-

3

-/2

50

*4, 7

French Crossbowmen

Infantry

2

30

3

-

-

3

1/3

35

*5, 7

French Handgunners

Infantry

2

20

3

6+

-

3

-/1

45

*6, 7

Heavy Cannon

Artillery

1

3x60

2

-

-

1

-/2

75

*8

Cannons

Artillery

1

2x40

2

-

-

2

-/2

50

*9, 10

Organ Gun

Artillery

1

D6x15

2

-

-

1

-/2

50

*9

General

General

+2

-

-

-

9

1

1

125

 

Lord

Leader

+1

-

-

-

8

1

-/1

80

 

Captain

Sub

+1

-

-

-

8

1

-/2

40

 

OPTIONS

The army can include the following Italian allies. If Italian allies are used they must be allocated their own  dedicated (Italian) commanded.

Men-at-Arms

Cavalry

3

-

3

4+

-

3

-/2

135

*1

Mounted Crossbowmen

Cavalry

2

15

3

6+

-

3

-/2

60

*3

Pike

Infantry

3

-

3

6+

-

3

-/1

60

*4

Crossbowmen

Infantry

2

30

3

-

-

3

-/3

60

*5