Holy Roman Empire, Italian Wars

 1494 - 1559AD

 

 

 

 

ITALIAN WARS HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE LIST

 

 

 

 

SPECIAL RULES

*1 Knights
*2 Shock
*3 Skirmish
*4 Phalanx
*5 Crossbow
*6 Handgun
*7 Heavy Cannon
*8 Cannon
*9  Slow

Gendarmes/Knights. The late medieval "universal soldier" the Gendarme as with the French, were heavily armoured in full plate with an armoured warhorse armed with a heavy 18 foot lance used as the shock troops of the army.

Lesser Men at Arms. Although not as heavily armoured as the gendarmes they were still heavily armoured in full plate often with an armoured warhorse, armed with a heavy 18 foot lance.

Stradiotti. These were the typical Spanish light cavalry of the 15th and early 16th Century, they carried the heart-shaped Moorish leather-covered shield, and used Moorish tactics—feigned retreats and so on.

Genitor. Mercenary light cavalry predominately javelin armed, recruited by from areas now in Albania and Greece. The stradiot’s weapons and dress were modelled after the Turkish; instead of a turban, however, the stradiot wore a light helmet.

Mounted Handgunners Handgun armed mounted skirmishers, often Italian mercenaries.

Landsknecht Pike. Large infantry regiments were the heart of the Imperial armies and at their core were landsknecht pike units.  Raised in direct imitation of the Swiss a bitter rivalry soon developed between the two groups and any conflict where they met was notable for the savagery and ruthlessness of its combat with quarter neither given nor expected.

Landsknecht Crossbowmen/Landsknecht Handgunners. These mercenary troops were in later wars replaced by arquebusiers.

Italian Allies. The Imperialists were allied with many different Italian states during these wars, Milan being a principle ally, these troops were armed and fought in the same manner as their counterparts, they normally fought in a distinct division under their own commanders.

For later armies upgrade all handguns and all crossbows to arquebus:

Arquebus. The arquebus is an early form of shoulder fired matchlock musket and represented a considerable improvement in firepower over the handgun.  During the late fifteen and early sixteenth century the arquebus became the dominate missile weapon on the renaissance battlefield, especially in Imperial armies which seem to have abandoned the crossbow before most other European armies, possibly a result of the landsknechts being a new concept and consciously adopting the latest weapons and tactics.

The Arquebus combines the hitting power of the crossbow and the handgun, targets hit by arquebus count their saving throws as one worse than normal, (4 becomes 5, 5 becomes 6 and 6 becomes no save) and when rolling for drive backs the shooter rolls an extra die.  However, due to their relatively slow rate of fire these special rules do not apply when an arquebus unit is being charged or has moved during the movement phase. Arquebus units downgraded to skirmishers loose all their special abilities and are regarded as normal skirmish infantry as per WMA.

Slow. Troops, like artillery, which are heavy and cumbersome and thus hard to move.

 

 

Troop

Type

Attack

Range

Hits

Armour

Cmnd

Unit

Size

Min/

Max

Points

Notes

Gendarmes/Knights

Cavalry

3

-

3

4+

-

3

1/2

135

*1

Lesser Men-at-Arms

Cavalry

3

-

3

5+

-

3

1/2

110

*2

Stradiotti

Cavalry

2

15

3

6+

-

3

1/3

60

*3

Genitors

Cavalry

2

15

3

6+

-

3

1/3

60

*3

Mounted Handgunners

Cavalry

2

15

3

6+

-

3

-/1

60

*3

Landsknecht  Pike

Infantry

3

-

3

5+

-

3

1/2

70

*4

Landsknecht  Pike

Infantry

3

-

3

6+

 

3

1/4

60

*4

Landsknecht Crossbowmen

Infantry

2

30

3

-

-

3

1/2

45

*5

Landsknecht Handgunners

Infantry

2

20

3

6+

-

3

1/2

55

*6

Heavy Cannon

Artillery

1

3x60

2

-

-

1

-/2

75

*7

Cannons

Artillery

1

2x40

2

-

-

2

-/2

50

*8, 9

General

General

+2

-

-

-

9

1

1

125

 

Lord

Leader

+1

-

-

-

8

1

-/1

80

 

Captain

Sub

+1

-

-

-

8

1

-/2

40

 

OPTIONS

The army can include the following Italian allies. If Italian allies are used they must be allocated their own  dedicated (Italian) commanded.

Men-at-Arms

Cavalry

3

-

3

4+

-

3

-/2

135

*1

Mounted Crossbowmen

Cavalry

2

15

3

6+

-

3

-/2

60

*3

Pike

Infantry

3

-

3

6+

-

3

-/1

60

*4

Crossbowmen

Infantry

2

30

3

-

-

3

-/2

60

*5