Spanish, Italian Wars

 1494 - 1559AD

 

 

 

 

ITALIAN WARS SPANISH LIST

 

 

 

 

SPECIAL RULES

*1 Knights
*2 Shock
*3 Skirmish
*4 Phalanx
*5 Crossbow
*6 Handgun
*7 Heavy Cannon
*8 Cannon
*9  Slow

Gendarmes. The Spanish never had quite the same reliance on the Gendarme as the French, although they were just as heavily armoured in full plate with an armoured warhorse armed with a heavy 18 foot lance as their French counterparts.

Archers, Archers with crossbow. Again as with the French, though not in the same numbers,  the "archer" had developed from the armoured mounted infantry into a heavy armoured man at arms fighting in a similar fashion to the Gendarmes, many of them maintaining their crossbows.

Genitors. These were the typical Spanish light cavalry of the 15th and early 16th Century, they carried the heart-shaped Moorish leather-covered shield, and used Moorish tactics—feigned retreats and so on.

Stradiotti. Mercenary light cavalry predominately javelin armed, recruited by from areas now in Albania and Greece. The stradiot’s weapons and dress were modelled after the Turkish; instead of a turban, however, the stradiot wore a light helmet.

Mounted Handgunners. Handgun armed mounted skirmishers, often Italian mercenaries.

Spanish Pike. The Spanish pikemen earned a reputation as good solid infantry during the Italian wars, though in later years Landsknechts were hired as well.

Spanish Swordsmen. The Spanish sword and buckler men of the early 1500s are among the best known proponents of the weapons.  They wreaked havoc up and down the battlefields of Europe, even against the famed Swiss pikemen.  A favoured tactic was to close against pike formations and try to roll under the polearms then pop up among their clustered opponents where their shorter weapons could wreak havoc.  By 1500, the Spanish infantry of Gonsalvo de Cordova used short thrusting swords and bucklers, wore steel caps, breast and back plates, and greaves.

Spanish Crossbowmen. The Spanish adopted the arquebus en mass earlier than the French so these only apply for the early wars in Italy, and should be replaced by arquebus for armies post 1512, also in later wars Italian and German mercenaries were also used.

Heavy Cannon/Cannon. In the earlier wars the Spanish did not have the same numbers of battlefield cannon as the French, though as the wars progressed this was evened out.

Italian Allies. The Spanish were allied with many different Italian states during these wars, Naples being a principle ally, these troops were armed and fought in the same manner as their Spanish counterparts, they normally fought in a distinct division under their own commanders.

For later armies upgrade all handguns and all crossbows to arquebus:

Arquebus. The arquebus is an early form of shoulder fired matchlock musket and represented a considerable improvement in firepower over the handgun.  During the late fifteen and early sixteenth century the arquebus became the dominate missile weapon on the renaissance battlefield, especially in Imperial armies which seem to have abandoned the crossbow before most other European armies, possibly a result of the landsknechts being a new concept and consciously adopting the latest weapons and tactics.

The Arquebus combines the hitting power of the crossbow and the handgun, targets hit by arquebus count their saving throws as one worse than normal, (4 becomes 5, 5 becomes 6 and 6 becomes no save) and when rolling for drive backs the shooter rolls an extra die.  However, due to their relatively slow rate of fire these special rules do not apply when an arquebus unit is being charged or has moved during the movement phase. Arquebus units downgraded to skirmishers loose all their special abilities and are regarded as normal skirmish infantry as per WMA.

Troop

Type

Attack

Range

Hits

Armour

Cmnd

Unit

Size

Min/

Max

Points

Notes

Gendarmes

Cavalry

3

-

3

4+

-

3

-/1

135

*1

Archers

Cavalry

3

 

3

5+

-

3

-/2

110

*2

 

Archers with Crossbow

Cavalry

3

15

3

5+

-

3

115

Stradiotti

Cavalry

2

15

3

6+

-

3

-/1

60

*3

Genitors

Cavalry

2

15

3

6+

-

3

1/3

60

*3

Mounted Handgunners

Cavalry

2

15

3

6+

-

3

-/1

60

*3

Spanish Pike

Infantry

3

-

3

5+

-

3

-/2

70

*4

Spanish  Pike

Infantry

3

-

3

6+

 

3

1/4

60

*4

Spanish Swordsmen

Infantry

3

-

3

6+

-

3

-/2

60

 

Spanish Crossbowmen

Infantry

2

30

3

6+

-

3

2/4

55

*5

Spanish Handgunners

Infantry

2

20

3

6+

-

3

2/4

55

*6

Heavy Cannon

Artillery

1

3x60

2

-

-

1

-/2

75

*7

Cannons

Artillery

1

2x40

2

-

-

2

-/3

50

*8, 9

General

General

+2

-

-

-

9

1

1

125

 

Lord

Leader

+1

-

-

-

8

1

-/1

80

 

Captain

Sub

+1

-

-

-

8

1

-/2

40

 

OPTIONS

The army can include the following Italian allies. If Italian allies are used they must be allocated their own  dedicated (Italian) commanded.

Men-at-Arms

Cavalry

3

-

3

4+

-

3

-/1

135

*1

Mounted Crossbowmen

Cavalry

2

15

3

6+

-

3

-/1

60

*3

Pike

Infantry

3

-

3

6+

-

3

-/1

60

*4

Handgunners

Infantry

2

20

3

-

-

3

-/2

60

*6