Sung (Song) Chinese
960AD - 1259AD
 

 

 

 

SPECIAL RULES
*1        Shock                    
*2        Skirmish        
*3        Fire-lance
*4        Stakes
*5        Heavy artillery 
*6        Unreliable
*7        Hand-gunners    
*8        organ-gun           .
*9        Slow
*10      Terror
*11      Cannon
*12      Great Leader. All Leaders and Subordinates within 20cm of the General can give orders using the        Generals own Command value.
*13      Inspirational Commander. All non-skirmishing units that have a Min value of 1 or more on their list roll one extra Attack dice in the first round of very combat engagement when they charge.

T'ung-shih chun. These are Mongols fighting for the Sung. According to the Yuan Shih they "were
always placed in the front line and were willing to give their all"
.  They were armed with bow and lance and wear leather armour reinforced with small iron plates or lamellar armour. There horses would often be armoured with barding.

Cavalry.  With the loss of the north good cavalry were scarce, mainly because the old horse-breeding areas of the north remained in the hands of the barbarians, but they well equipped and well armoured, fighting with variety of bladed and pointed weapons.  The riders were armoured, but shieldless, and the horses could be armoured.

Light Cavalry. Skirmishing lightly armed, enamoured, cavalry armed with javelins and no shields.

Hsi  Cavalry. These were skirmishing tribal horse archers, a Mongolian people related to the Khitans.

Veteran Infantry.  These are the veteran troops of Zhao (Chao) K'uang-yin founder of the Sung Dynasty.  Armed with a variety of bladed and pointed weapons of disparate length and often lacked shields.

Sheng-ch'uan.  These were especially picked and trained assault troops who led the attacks especially at night. Armed as either Infantry or Crossbows

Imperial Infantry.  Spearmen and halberdiers who were equipped with a variety of bladed and pointed weapons of disparate length and often lacked shields. While the rank and file were professionals with time they were drawn from the poorer elements of society so in later years, due to the booming economy, those enlisting tended to be petty criminals, bandits and vagabonds. Very often their pay and food were in arrears and whole armies sent to put down revolts joined the revolt.

Imperial Archers.  These represent the un-armoured foot troops armed with crossbow infantry who fought from a distance. Again like the Imperial Infantry in later years those enlisting tended to be petty criminals, bandits and vagabonds. Some were specially trained crossbow marksmen, at the battle of Shan-chou in 1004 the Khitan General, Hsiao T'alin, was killed by such a marksman.

Handgunners.  The development of the fire-lance to fire clay and iron missiles meant that by this period some missile infantry were armed with handguns.

Skirmisher.  Skirmishers were young or impoverished warriors armed with bows or javelins and usually carrying a small shield.

Fire-lance.  A spear with a gunpowder based pyrotechnic device attached, a flamethrower! Fire-lances were in Song Chinese use by the late 11th cent. - early 12th cent and were ultimately to become handguns.

Stakes.  Hidden bamboo stakes and ditches, at times planted in river-beds and banks. Earthworks were protected by rows of stake also hidden as anti-cavalry traps.

Stone thrower.  Heavy stone throwing engines. These not only threw stones but gunpowder filled iron balls.

Organ guns.  The organ gun represents wheeled multiple barrelled rocket launchers.

Heavy Cannons.  These were heavy bombard and field pieces that were becoming more common during this period.

Core armies for 960 AD - 1257AD

Troop

Type

Attack

Range

Hits

Armour

Cmnd

Unit

Size

Min/

Max

Points

Notes

Light Cavalry

Cavalry

2

15

3

6+

-

3

-/1

60

*2

Imperial Infantry

Infantry

3

-

3

6+

-

3

6/-

45

 

Imperial Archers

Infantry

2

30

3

-

-

3

4/6

40

 

Skirmishers

Infantry

1

15

3

-

-

3

1/4

30

*2

General

General

+2

-

-

-

9

1

1

125

 

Leader

Leader

+1

-

-

-

8

1

-/1

80

 

Subordinate

Subordinate

+1

-

-

-

8

1

-/2

40

 

CORE OPTIONS for both armies
The following option is available for core troop types in both period armies. See accompanying description for details.

Firelance                

Imperial Infantry only, one off use when charged     50% +5 *3, 10

Northern Sung list 960-1127AD
If your army is a Northern Sung army then the following alterations are added to the core and options lists.

Cavalry

Cavalry

3

-

3

5+

-

3

-/2

110

*1

Hsi  Cavalry

Cavalry

1

30

3

-

-

3

-/1

60

*2

Veteran Infantry Infantry 4 - 3 5+ - 3 -/2 60  

Stone thrower

Artillery

1

3x60

3

-

-

1

-/1

75

*5

Some Imperial Infantry can be downgraded Infantry 3 - 3 6+ - 3 -/4 -10 *6

Chao K'uang-yin

General

2

-

-

-

9

1

-/1

25

*12

Southern Sung list 1127-1257AD
If your army is a Southern Sung army then the following alterations are added to the core and options lists.
Cavalry Cavalry 3 - 3 5+ - 3 -/1 110 *1

T'ung-shih chun

Cavalry

3

30

3

5+

-

3

-/1

125

*1

Sheng-ch'uan Infantry 4 - 3 5+ - 3 -/1 70  
Sheng-ch'uan Infantry 3 30 3 - - 3 -/1 50  

Organ Gun      

Artillery

D6x15

2

-

-

-

1

-/1

50

*8, 9

Cannon           

artillery

1

2x40

3

-

-

1

-/1

50

*11, 9

Some Archers can be reclassified as Handgunners Infantry 2 20 - - - 3 -/3 +5 *7
Some Imperial Infantry can be downgraded Infantry 3 - 3 6+ - 3 2/6 -10 *6
Yeuh Fei General 2 - - - 9 1 -/1 25 *13